Show simple item record  

dc.contributor.authorKooyman, R. M.
dc.contributor.authorZanne, A. E.
dc.contributor.authorGallagher, R. V.
dc.contributor.authorCornwell, W.
dc.contributor.authorRossetto, M.
dc.contributor.authorO’Connor, P.
dc.contributor.authorParkes, E. A.
dc.contributor.authorCatterall, C. F.
dc.contributor.authorLaffan, S. W.
dc.contributor.authorLusk, Christopher H.
dc.coverage.spatialUnited Statesen_NZ
dc.identifier.citationKooyman, R. M., Zanne, A. E., Gallagher, R. V., Cornwel, W., Rossetto, M., …, Lusk, C. H. (2013). Effects of growth form and functional traits on response of woody plants to clearing and fragmentation of subtropical rainforest. Conservation Biology, 27(6), 1468-1477.en_NZ
dc.description.abstractThe conservation implications of large-scale rainforest clearing and fragmentation on the persistence of functional and taxonomic diversity remain poorly understood. If traits represent adaptive strategies of plant species to particular circumstances, the expectation is that the effect of forest clearing and fragmentation will be affected by species functional traits, particularly those related to dispersal. We used species occurrence data for woody plants in 46 rainforest patches across 75,000 ha largely cleared of forest by the early 1900s to determine the combined effects of area reduction, fragmentation, and patch size on the taxonomic structure and functional diversity of subtropical rainforest. We compiled species trait values for leaf area, seed dry mass, wood density, and maximum height and calculated species niche breadths. Taxonomic structure, trait values (means, ranges), and the functional diversity of assemblages of climbing and free-standing plants in remnant patches were quantified. Larger rainforest patches had higher species richness. Species in smaller patches were taxonomically less related than species in larger patches. Free-standing plants had a high percentage of frugivore dispersed seeds; climbers had a high proportion of small wind-dispersed seeds. Connections between the patchy spatial distribution of free-standing species, larger seed sizes, and dispersal syndrome were weak. Assemblages of free-standing plants in patches showed more taxonomic and spatial structuring than climbing plants. Smaller isolated patches retained relatively high functional diversity and similar taxonomic structure to larger tracts of forest despite lower species richness. The response of woody plants to clearing and fragmentation of subtropical rainforest differed between climbers and slow-growing mature-phase forest trees but not between climbers and pioneer trees. Quantifying taxonomic structure and functional diversity provides an improved basis for conservation planning and management by elucidating the effects of forest-area reduction and fragmentation.en_NZ
dc.relation.ispartofConservation Biology
dc.subjectdispersal and seed sizeen_NZ
dc.subjectforest area reduction and fragmentationen_NZ
dc.subjectfunctional diversityen_NZ
dc.subjectgrowth formsen_NZ
dc.subjectpatch sizeen_NZ
dc.subjectsubtropical rainforesten_NZ
dc.subjecttaxonomic distinctnessen_NZ
dc.subjectwoody species richnessen_NZ
dc.titleEffects of growth form and functional traits on response of woody plants to clearing and fragmentation of subtropical rainforesten_NZ
dc.typeJournal Articleen_NZ
dc.relation.isPartOfConservation Biologyen_NZ

Files in this item


There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record