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dc.contributor.authorCharlton, Samuel G.
dc.contributor.authorStarkey, Nicola J.
dc.coverage.spatialConference held at Wellington, New Zealanden_NZ
dc.date.accessioned2013-08-15T03:56:26Z
dc.date.available2013-08-15T03:56:26Z
dc.date.issued2012
dc.identifier.citationCharlton, S. G., & Starkey, N. J. (2012). Does Familiarity breed inattention? Why drivers crash on the roads they know best. Paper present at Australasian Road Safety Research, Policing and Education Conference 2012, 4-6 October 2012, Wellington, New Zealand.en_NZ
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10289/7860
dc.description.abstractThis paper describes our research into the nature of everyday driving, with a particular emphasis on the processes that govern driver behaviour in familiar, well - practiced situations. The research examined the development and maintenance of proceduralised driving habits in a high-fidelity driving simulator by paying 29 participants to drive a simulated road regularly over three months of testing. A range of measures, including detection task performance and driving performance were collected over the course of 20 sessions. Performance from a yoked control group who experienced the same road scenarios in a single session was also measured. The data showed the development of stereotyped driving patterns and changes in what drivers noticed, indicative of in attentional blindness and “driving without awareness”. Extended practice also resulted in increased sensitivity for detecting changes to foveal road features associated with vehicle guidance and performance on an embedded vehicle detection task (detection of a specific vehicle type). The changes in attentional focus and driving performance resulting from extended practice help explain why drivers are at increased risk of crashing on roads they know well. Identifying the features of familiar roads that attract driver attention, even when they are driving without awareness, can inform new interventions and designs for safer roads. The data also provide new light on a range of previous driver behaviour research including a “Tandem Model” that includes both explicit and implicit processes involved in driving performance.en_NZ
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoenen_NZ
dc.publisherAustralasian College of Road Safetyen_NZ
dc.relation.urihttp://arsrpe.acrs.org.au/pdf/Charlton%20and%20Starkey_Familiarity%20breeds%20inattention%20Why%20drivers%20crash%20on%20the%20roads%20they%20know%20best.pdfen_NZ
dc.sourceAustralasian Road Safety Research, Policing and Educationen_NZ
dc.subjectdriver attentionen_NZ
dc.subjectinattention blindnessen_NZ
dc.subjectautomaticityen_NZ
dc.subjectdriving simulatoren_NZ
dc.titleDoes Familiarity breed inattention? Why drivers crash on the roads they know besten_NZ
dc.typeConference Contributionen_NZ
dc.relation.isPartOfProceedings of Australasian Road Safety Research, Policing and Educationen_NZ
pubs.begin-page1en_NZ
pubs.elements-id22813
pubs.end-page10en_NZ
pubs.finish-date2012-10-06en_NZ
pubs.start-date2012-10-04en_NZ


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