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When loanwords are not lone words: Using networks and hypergraphs to explore Māori loanwords in New Zealand English

Abstract
Networks are being used to model an increasingly diverse range of realworld phenomena. This paper introduces an exploratory approach to studying loanwords in relation to one another, using networks of co-occurrence. While traditional studies treat individual loanwords as discrete items, we show that insights can be gained by focusing on the various loanwords that co-occur within each text in a corpus, especially when leveraging the notion of a hypergraph. Our research involves a case-study of New Zealand English (NZE), which borrows Indigenous Māori words on a large scale. We use a topic-constrained corpus to show that: (i) Māori loanword types tend not to occur by themselves in a text; (ii) infrequent loanwords are nearly always accompanied by frequent loanwords; and (iii) it is not uncommon for texts to contain a mixture of listed and unlisted loanwords, suggesting that NZE is still riding a wave of borrowing importation from Māori.
Type
Journal Article
Type of thesis
Series
Citation
Date
2023
Publisher
John Benjamins Publishing
Degree
Supervisors
Rights
© John Benjamins Publishing Company. This work is licensed under a CC BY 4.0 licence.