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An investigation of a Mollicute-like organism inhabiting the human gastrointestinal tract

Abstract
The microflora inhabiting the human gastrointestinal tract can be considered an essential 'metabolic organ', in a symbiotic relationship with its host. Due to the low cultivability and inappropriate sampling methodology the microflora is poorly explored and ill-defined. Preliminary, molecular-based research at the University of Waikato revealed the presence of 16S rRNA gene sequences originating from novel Mollicute-like species inhabiting the human GI tract. A ~830bp 'consensus' sequence representing these novel Mollicute-like sequences was classified within the Mollicute Genus Anaeroplasma the type species of which is Anaeroplasma abactoclasticum. It also displayed near exact matches with 16S rRNA sequences obtained from the human GI tract and matches of high similarity to those from the mouse GI tract in the NCBI database. This thesis describes an attempt to design and create primers that would amplify and characterize full-length versions of these Mollicute-like sequences from samples obtained from the mucosal surface of the human gastrointestinal tract. Primers sets targeted extended 5' and 3' versions of these novel 'known' sequences and were designed from sequence matches found in the preliminary work and other related sequences from the NCBI database. The attempt to amplify a full-length version of these novel Mollicute-like sequences was proven to be unsuccessful. No sequences were classified within the Genus Anaeroplasma, although 81% of amplicons from the 5' extending primer sets were classified within the same division as the Mollicutes, the Firmicutes, only 6% of the sequenced amplicons from the 3' extending primer set belonged to this division. Phylograms containing these 'relevant' sequences and the 'consensus' sequence grouped the 'consensus' sequence separately, indicating a lower relatedness than would have been seen if any of the amplicons contained the 'consensus' sequence.
Type
Thesis
Type of thesis
Series
Citation
Care, A. S. (2009). An investigation of a Mollicute-like organism inhabiting the human gastrointestinal tract (Thesis, Master of Science (MSc)). The University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10289/2771
Date
2009
Publisher
The University of Waikato
Supervisors
Rights
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