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Grand View Garden: An investigation of tourists' motivation and satisfaction

Tourism has many derivatives that contribute to the totality of tourism, and this thesis focuses on a one of these types: namely, film tourism. Film tourism involves visits to a particular destination celebrated for associations with novels, television series, and films (Busby & Klug, 2001). This thesis examines both tourists’ motivation and satisfaction at a film site, Grand View Garden, Beijing, China, and this garden replicated the location of the famous novel, “The Dream of the Red Mansion”. The purpose of this thesis is to investigate the motivations and the level of satisfaction of visitors in Grand View Garden. This study adopts mixed methods to collect data which replicate the previous research methods by Ryan et al. (2008), mainly including questionnaire surveys, open-ended questions, visitation, observation, photography, documents, and knowledge of the “Red” novel. All the data was collected at Grand View Garden during November 2011 to March 2012. The software SPSS was used to analysis the statistical data from questionnaires; while the textual data of open-ended questions were analysed by CATPAC software. From a theoretical perceptive, this thesis contributes to the body of literature on tourists’ motivation and satisfaction in film tourism. It shows that the film or novel is an important part of tourists’ motivation, but not the sole motivation. The results of this study found that the most important motivator was the garden’s unique style, which includes the classical architecture and the mixed style of the “Red” storytelling and Chinese historical culture. Certainly, the majority of tourists were motivated by “The Dream of the Red Mansion”, as well as expecting to seeking the scenes described in the “Red” novel or featured on the television series. Further, this study also found tourists both had satisfactory and unsatisfactory perceptions about visiting the garden. The results of this thesis found many respondents expressed satisfaction with the garden’s classical architecture and beautiful scenery, and were satisfied with the garden’s unique style. However, some negative attitudes were also identified, due to, for example, the location not matching descriptions in the novel or the scenes that featured on the TV series. Moreover, tourists also had some negative perceptions with the garden relating to perceived poor maintenance, the presence of too many commercial shops, and expensively priced entry tickets. On a more general note, this study also found most tourists had positive attitudes about using a film site as a tourist attraction. From a practical standpoint, this study provides information for the tourism administration about tourists’ travel motivations and expectations, and both tourists’ satisfactory and unsatisfactory experiences. The related authorities may use this information to better understand tourists, know the visitor’s needs and wants, and find effective ways to satisfy and fulfil tourists’ expectations.
Type of thesis
Zhang, X. (2012). Grand View Garden: An investigation of tourists’ motivation and satisfaction (Thesis, Master of Management Studies (MMS)). University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10289/6644
University of Waikato
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