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Screening of Ophiostoma species for removal of eucalyptus extractives

Abstract
Ophiostoma species have been demonstrated to metabolize wood extractives and be useful to the pulp and paper industry. In order to have new isolates for the Asian market, Eucalyptus camaldulensis logs were harvested from forest sites in central Taiwan and 28 strains of the Ophiostoma genus were isolated from them. These strains were subsequently inoculated onto Eucalyptus wood chips to evaluate their effects on weight losses of wood and the amounts of acetone extractives degraded. At the same time, Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectroscopy (GC-MS) analysis was conducted and by using calibration curves and a database of GC-MS mass spectra, changes in lipophilic compounds were analyzed. Fatty acids, hydrocarbons, sterol compounds, sterol esters, and triglycerides were significantly reduced after two weeks’ inoculation by the fungal strains. The results show that six of the strains were capable of reducing the lipophilic fractions by more than 60% in a two-week treatment. DNA of the most effective strains were analyzed and found to be a variant of Ophiostoma querci.
Type
Journal Article
Type of thesis
Series
Citation
Su, Y.-C., Ho, C.-L., Hsu, K.-P., Chang, H.-M., Farrell, R. & Wang, E.I.-C. (2011). Screening of Ophiostoma species for removal of eucalyptus extractives. Journal of Wood Chemistry and Technology, 31(4), 282-297.
Date
2011
Publisher
Taylor & Francis
Degree
Supervisors
Rights
Publisher version