Loading...
Thumbnail Image
Item

Exploring the experience of sleep and fatigue in male and female adults over the 2 years following traumatic brain injury: a qualitative descriptive study

Abstract
๐Ž๐›๐ฃ๐ž๐œ๐ญ๐ข๐ฏ๐ž๐ฌ To explore the experience of fatigue and sleep difficulties over the first 2โ€…years after traumatic brain injury (TBI). ๐ƒ๐ž๐ฌ๐ข๐ ๐ง Longitudinal qualitative descriptive analysis of interviews completed as part of a larger longitudinal study of recovery following TBI. Data relating to the experience of fatigue and/or sleep were extracted and coded by two independent researchers. ๐’๐ž๐ญ๐ญ๐ข๐ง๐  Community-based study in the Hamilton and Auckland regions of New Zealand. ๐๐š๐ซ๐ญ๐ข๐œ๐ข๐ฉ๐š๐ง๐ญ๐ฌ 30 adult participants who had experienced mild, moderate or severe brain injury within the past 6โ€…months (>16โ€…years of age). 15 participants also nominated significant others to take part. Interviews were completed at 6, 12 and 24โ€…months postinjury. ๐‘๐ž๐ฌ๐ฎ๐ฅ๐ญ๐ฌ Participants described feeling unprepared for the intensity, impact and persistent nature of fatigue and sleep difficulties after injury. They struggled to learn how to manage their difficulties by themselves and to adapt strategies in response to changing circumstances over time. Four themes were identified: (1) Making sense of fatigue and sleep after TBI; (2) accepting the need for rest; (3) learning how to rest and; (4) need for rest impacts on ability to engage in life. ๐‚๐จ๐ง๐œ๐ฅ๐ฎ๐ฌ๐ข๐จ๐ง๐ฌ Targeted support to understand, accept and manage the sleep and fatigue difficulties experienced may be crucial to improve recovery and facilitate engagement in everyday life. Advice needs to be timely and revised for relevance over the course of recovery.
Type
Journal Article
Type of thesis
Series
Citation
Theadom, A., Rowland, V., Levack, W., Starkey, N. J., Wilkinson-Meyers, L., & McPherson, K. (2016). Exploring the experience of sleep and fatigue in male and female adults over the 2 years following traumatic brain injury: a qualitative descriptive study. BMJ OPEN, 6(4). http://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010453
Date
2016-01-01
Publisher
BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP
Degree
Supervisors
Rights
This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/