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Selenium speciation studies in cancer patients to evaluate the responses of biomarkers of selenium status to different selenium compounds

Abstract
This work presents the first systematic comparison of selenium (Se) speciation in plasma from cancer patients treated orally with three Se compounds (sodium selenite, SS; L-selenomethionine, SeMet; or Se-methylselenocysteine, MSC) at 400 µg/day for 28 days. The primary goal was to investigate how these chemical forms of Se affect the plasma Se distribution, aiming to identify the most effective Se compound for optimal selenoprotein expression. This was achieved using methodology based on HPLC-ICP-MS after sample preparation/fractionation approaches. Measurements of total Se in plasma samples collected before and after 4 weeks of treatment showed that median total Se levels increased significantly from 89.6 to 126.4 µg  kg−1 Se (p < 0.001), particularly when SeMet was administered (190.4 µg  kg−1 Se). Speciation studies showed that the most critical differences between treated and baseline samples were seen for selenoprotein P (SELENOP) and selenoalbumin after administration with MSC (p = 5.8 × 10−4) and SeMet (p = 6.8 × 10−5), respectively. Notably, selenosugar-1 was detected in all low-molecular-weight plasma fractions following treatment, particularly with MSC. Two different chromatographic approaches and spiking experiments demonstrated that about 45% of that increase in SELENOP levels (to ~ 8.8 mg L−1) with SeMet is likely due to the non-specific incorporation of SeMet into the SELENOP affinity fraction. To the authors’ knowledge, this has not been reported to date. Therefore, SELENOP is probably part of both the regulated (55%) and non-regulated (45%) Se pools after SeMet administration, whereas SS and MSC mainly contribute to the regulated one.
Type
Journal Article
Type of thesis
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Citation
Date
2024-01-09
Publisher
Springer Science and Business Media LLC
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Rights
© The Author(s) 2024. This work is licensed under a CC BY 4.0 licence.