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Improved linearity using harmonic error rejection in a full-field range imaging system

Full field range imaging cameras are used to simultaneously measure the distance for every pixel in a given scene using an intensity modulated illumination source and a gain modulated receiver array. The light is reflected from an object in the scene, and the modulation envelope experiences a phase shift proportional to the target distance. Ideally the waveforms are sinusoidal, allowing the phase, and hence object range, to be determined from four measurements using an arctangent function. In practice these waveforms are often not perfectly sinusoidal, and in some cases square waveforms are instead used to simplify the electronic drive requirements. The waveforms therefore commonly contain odd harmonics which contribute a nonlinear error to the phase determination, and therefore an error in the range measurement. We have developed a unique sampling method to cancel the effect of these harmonics, with the results showing an order of magnitude improvement in the measurement linearity without the need for calibration or lookup tables, while the acquisition time remains unchanged. The technique can be applied to existing range imaging systems without having to change or modify the complex illumination or sensor systems, instead only requiring a change to the signal generation and timing electronics.
Conference Contribution
Type of thesis
Andrew D. Payne, Adrian A. Dorrington, Michael J. Cree and Dale A. Carnegie, "Improved linearity using harmonic error rejection in a full-field range imaging system," Three-Dimensional Image Capture and Applications 2008, Brian D. Corner, Masaaki Mochimaru, Robert Sitnik, Editors, Proc. SPIE, 6805, 68050D (2008).
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