Cautionary note on multi-component flood distributions for annual maxima
Bardsley, W. E. (2016). Cautionary note on multi-component flood distributions for annual maxima. Hydrological Processes. http://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.10886
Permanent Research Commons link: https://hdl.handle.net/10289/10263
Multi-component probability distributions such as the two-component Gumbel distribution are sometimes applied to annual flood maxima when individual floods are seen as belonging to different classes, depending on physical processes or time of year. However, hydrological inconsistencies may arise if only non-classified annual maxima are available to estimate the component distribution parameters. In particular, an unconstrained best fit to annual flood maxima may yield some component distributions with a high probability of simulating floods with negative discharge. In such situations multi-component distributions cannot be justified as an improved approximation to a local physical reality of mixed flood types, even though a good data fit is achieved. This effect usefully illustrates that a good match to data is no guarantee against degeneracy of hydrological models.
This article has been accepted for publication and undergone full peer review but has not been through the copyediting, typesetting, pagination and proofreading process, which may lead to differences between this version and the Version of Record. Please cite this article as doi: 10.1002/hyp.10886