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dc.contributor.authorShamsuddin, Rashid M.en_NZ
dc.contributor.authorVerbeek, Casparus Johan R.en_NZ
dc.contributor.authorLay, Mark C.en_NZ
dc.contributor.editorBustam, MAen_NZ
dc.contributor.editorMan, Zen_NZ
dc.contributor.editorKeong, LKen_NZ
dc.contributor.editorHassankiadeh, AAen_NZ
dc.contributor.editorFong, YYen_NZ
dc.contributor.editorAyoub, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.editorMoniruzzaman, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.editorMandal, Pen_NZ
dc.coverage.spatialKuala Lumpur, MALAYSIAen_NZ
dc.date.accessioned2019-04-07T22:30:09Z
dc.date.available2016-01-01en_NZ
dc.date.available2019-04-07T22:30:09Z
dc.date.issued2016en_NZ
dc.identifier.citationShamsuddin, R. M., Verbeek, C. J. R., & Lay, M. C. (2016). Settling of Bentonite Particles in Gelatin Solutions for Stickwater Treatment. In M. Bustam, Z. Man, L. Keong, A. Hassankiadeh, Y. Fong, M. Ayoub, … P. Mandal (Eds.), Procedia Engineering (Vol. 148, pp. 194–200). Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA: Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2016.06.570en
dc.identifier.issn1877-7058en_NZ
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10289/12442
dc.description.abstractThe settling of calcium and sodium bentonite coated with adsorbed protein from gelatin solutions was investigated across pH 3 to 9. The particle settling or sedimentation was achieved at acidic environment regardless of the amount of protein adsorbed by the particles. The settling is attributed to the formation of “house of cards” structure by bentonite platelets and it is strongly influenced by solution pH. The collapse of this formation resulted in floc formation or particle suspension where no settling can be observed. Few possible settling mechanisms were proposed based on the charge balance and interactions between bentonite platelets and protein molecules in the system. The findings are intended for treatment of gelatin-rich stickwater (meat rendering waste water) using bentonite as low-cost adsorbent. Integrating adsorption and settling into one unit operation has multiple benefits; reducing BOD by removing the proteins and bentonite is directly modified with organics and can be recovered via gravity settling for composite additive application.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherElsevier Ltden_NZ
dc.rights© 2016 Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license
dc.source4th International Conference on Process Engineering and Advanced Materials (ICPEAM)en_NZ
dc.subjectScience & Technologyen_NZ
dc.subjectTechnologyen_NZ
dc.subjectEngineering, Industrialen_NZ
dc.subjectMaterials Science, Multidisciplinaryen_NZ
dc.subjectEngineeringen_NZ
dc.subjectMaterials Scienceen_NZ
dc.subjectSettlingen_NZ
dc.subjectsedimentationen_NZ
dc.subjectbentoniteen_NZ
dc.subjectgelatinen_NZ
dc.subjectstickwateren_NZ
dc.subjecthouse of carden_NZ
dc.subjectPROTEIN-INTERCALATED BENTONITEen_NZ
dc.subjectADSORPTIONen_NZ
dc.subjectMONTMORILLONITEen_NZ
dc.subjectCOMPOSITESen_NZ
dc.subjectEQUILIBRIUMen_NZ
dc.subjectBLOODMEALen_NZ
dc.subjectWATERen_NZ
dc.titleSettling of Bentonite Particles in Gelatin Solutions for Stickwater Treatmenten_NZ
dc.typeConference Contribution
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.proeng.2016.06.570en_NZ
dc.relation.isPartOfProcedia Engineeringen_NZ
pubs.begin-page194
pubs.elements-id139800
pubs.end-page200
pubs.finish-date2016-08-17en_NZ
pubs.publication-statusPublisheden_NZ
pubs.start-date2016-08-15en_NZ
pubs.volume148en_NZ


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