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dc.contributor.authorShamsuddin, Rashid M.en_NZ
dc.contributor.authorVerbeek, Casparus Johan R.en_NZ
dc.contributor.authorLay, Mark C.en_NZ
dc.date.accessioned2019-10-03T20:37:13Z
dc.date.available2015-10-01en_NZ
dc.date.available2019-10-03T20:37:13Z
dc.date.issued2015en_NZ
dc.identifier.citationShamsuddin, R. M., Verbeek, C. J. R., & Lay, M. C. (2015). Protein-Intercalated Bentonite as Nano-Reinforcement in Bloodmeal-Based Bioplastics. Journal of Polymer Materials, 32(4), 435–449.en
dc.identifier.issn0973-8622en_NZ
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10289/12936
dc.description.abstractNovatein Thermoplastic Protein (NTP) is a biopolymer produced by modifying bloodmeal to a thermoplastic material, but requires reinforcement to improve mechanical properties. Proteinintercalated calcium (CaBt) and sodium bentonite (NaBt) were investigated as nano-scale reinforcements in NTP. These were prepared by recovering proteins from meat processing wastewater called stickwater, thereby reducing treatment cost and intercalating protein into clay layers in a single step. Using stickwater-modified NaBt improved the composite’s tensile strength by 23% (at 0.5 parts per hundred bloodmeal, pphBM) and Young’s modulus by 17% compared to standard NTP. Stickwater treatment greatly improved the compatibility of bentonite with NTP compared to gelatin-treated bentonite whose resulting composites only had similar or slightly improved mechanical properties. The improved mechanical properties are parallel with other improvements observed in thermal, crystallinity and filler distribution. Potential applications include plant pots and seedling trays for plant nursery and agricultural disposable tools such as weasand clips, nails and barbs.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoenen_NZ
dc.publisherPrints Publicationsen_NZ
dc.relation.urihttp://www.printspublications.com/journal/journalofpolymermaterialsaninternationaljournal13712463644
dc.rightsThis article is published in the Journal of Polymer Materials. © Prints Publications Pvt. Ltd. Used with permission.
dc.subjectScience & Technologyen_NZ
dc.subjectPhysical Sciencesen_NZ
dc.subjectPolymer Scienceen_NZ
dc.subjectBentoniteen_NZ
dc.subjectStickwateren_NZ
dc.subjectBloodmealen_NZ
dc.subjectNanocompositeen_NZ
dc.subjectBiopolymeren_NZ
dc.subjectBioplasticen_NZ
dc.subjectMORPHOLOGICAL PROPERTIESen_NZ
dc.subjectNANOCOMPOSITESen_NZ
dc.subjectSURFACEen_NZ
dc.subjectCLAYen_NZ
dc.titleProtein-Intercalated Bentonite as Nano-Reinforcement in Bloodmeal-Based Bioplasticsen_NZ
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.relation.isPartOfJournal of Polymer Materialsen_NZ
pubs.begin-page435
pubs.elements-id191745
pubs.end-page449
pubs.issue4en_NZ
pubs.publication-statusPublisheden_NZ
pubs.volume32en_NZ


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