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dc.contributor.authorTan, Kyle K.H.en_NZ
dc.contributor.authorEllis, Sonja J.en_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSchmidt, Johanna M.en_NZ
dc.contributor.authorByrne, Jacken_NZ
dc.contributor.authorVeale, Jaimieen_NZ
dc.date.accessioned2020-04-22T21:16:49Z
dc.date.available2020en_NZ
dc.date.available2020-04-22T21:16:49Z
dc.date.issued2020en_NZ
dc.identifier.citationTan, K. K. H., Ellis, S. J., Schmidt, J. M., Byrne, J., & Veale, J. (2020). Mental health inequities among transgender people in Aotearoa New Zealand: Findings from the counting ourselves survey. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(8). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082862en
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10289/13542
dc.description.abstractThere has been little international research looking at differences in mental health across different age groups. This study examines mental health inequities between transgender people and the Aotearoa/New Zealand general population from youth to older adulthood. The 2018 Counting Ourselves survey (N = 1178) assessed participants’ mental health using the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) and diagnoses of depression and anxiety disorders, questions that were the same as those used in the New Zealand Health Survey. Our results showed significant mean score differences for transgender people on K10, and these differences were almost two standard deviations higher than the general population (Cohen’s d = 1.87). The effect size differences, however, decreased from youth to older adults. Regression analyses indicated trans women were less likely to report psychological distress than trans men and non-binary participants. There was an interaction effect for age and gender, with lower psychological distress scores found for younger trans women but higher scores for older trans women. The stark mental health inequities faced by transgender people, especially youth, demonstrate an urgent need to improve the mental health and wellbeing of this population by implementing inclusive institutional practices to protect them from gender minority stress.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen
dc.rightsThis is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
dc.subjecttransgender
dc.subjectmental health inequity
dc.subjectpsychological distress
dc.subjectdepression
dc.subjectage
dc.subjectanxiety
dc.titleMental health inequities among transgender people in Aotearoa New Zealand: Findings from the counting ourselves surveyen_NZ
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/ijerph17082862en_NZ
dc.relation.isPartOfInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Healthen_NZ
pubs.elements-id252440
pubs.issue8en_NZ
pubs.publisher-urlhttps://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/17/8/2862en_NZ
pubs.volume17en_NZ
uow.identifier.article-no2862


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