Spectroscopy of OSSO and other sulfur compounds thought to be present in the Venus atmosphere.
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Frandsen, B. N., Farahani, S., Vogt, E., Lane, J. R., & Kjaergaard, H. G. (2020). Spectroscopy of OSSO and other sulfur compounds thought to be present in the Venus atmosphere. Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 124(35), 7047–7059. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpca.0c04388
Permanent Research Commons link: https://hdl.handle.net/10289/13834
The spectroscopy of cis-OSSO and trans-OSSO is explored and put into the context of the Venusian atmosphere, along with other sulfur compounds potentially present there, namely, S₂O, C₁-S₂O₂, trigonal-S₂O₂, and S₃. UV-vis spectra were calculated using the nuclear ensemble approach. The calculated OSSO spectra are shown to match well with the 320-400 nm near-UV absorption previously measured on Venus, and we discuss the challenges of assigning OSSO as the Venusian near-UV absorber. The largest source of uncertainty is getting accurate concentrations of sulfur monoxide (³SO) in the upper cloud layer of Venus (60-70 km altitude) since the ³SO self-reaction is what causes cis- and trans-OSSO to form. Additionally, we employed the matrix-isolation technique to trap OSSO formed by microwave discharging a gas mixture of argon and SO₂ and then depositing the mixture onto a cold window (6-12 K). Anharmonic vibrational transition frequencies and intensities were calculated at the coupled cluster level to corroborate the matrix-isolation FTIR spectra. The computationally calculated UV-vis and experimentally recorded IR spectra presented in this work aid future attempts at detecting these sulfur compounds in the Venusian atmosphere.