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dc.contributor.authorCharlton, Samuel G.en_NZ
dc.contributor.authorStarkey, Nicola J.en_NZ
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-29T19:57:10Z
dc.date.available2020-09-29T19:57:10Z
dc.date.issued2020en_NZ
dc.identifier.citationCharlton, S. G., & Starkey, N. J. (2020). Co-driving: Passenger actions and distractions. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 144. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2020.105624en
dc.identifier.issn0001-4575en_NZ
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10289/13860
dc.description.abstractApproximately one third of car trips involve one or more passengers and yet we know little about how the presence of a passenger helps or hinders safety and efficiency. To date, research in this area has focused on the possible distractive effects of passengers. Although we know that drivers conversing on a mobile phone is distracting and unsafe, epidemiological studies suggest that driving with a passenger has a lower crash risk than driving alone. This paper describes two studies into how drivers and passengers interact during a journey; a survey regarding the most common actions of passengers and how drivers view their helpfulness, and an on-road study of driver and passenger interactions. The results indicated several areas that drivers felt passenger assistance was quite helpful, but in some cases was exhibited very rarely. The on-road study revealed some interesting gender differences in who offers driving support, and who requests it. By understanding how passengers can contribute to safer journeys we can provide that information to drivers at risk, such as those very early or late in their driving careers.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoenen_NZ
dc.publisherElsevieren_NZ
dc.rights© 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/BY/4.0/).T
dc.subjectScience & Technologyen_NZ
dc.subjectSocial Sciencesen_NZ
dc.subjectTechnologyen_NZ
dc.subjectLife Sciences & Biomedicineen_NZ
dc.subjectErgonomicsen_NZ
dc.subjectPublic, Environmental & Occupational Healthen_NZ
dc.subjectSocial Sciences, Interdisciplinaryen_NZ
dc.subjectTransportationen_NZ
dc.subjectEngineeringen_NZ
dc.subjectSocial Sciences - Other Topicsen_NZ
dc.subjectConversationen_NZ
dc.subjectCouplesen_NZ
dc.subjectDistractionen_NZ
dc.subjectDrivingen_NZ
dc.subjectNavigationen_NZ
dc.subjectTourismen_NZ
dc.subjectTEENAGE PASSENGERSen_NZ
dc.subjectSTYLE INVENTORYen_NZ
dc.subjectDRIVERSen_NZ
dc.subjectRISKen_NZ
dc.subjectBEHAVIORen_NZ
dc.subjectCRASHESen_NZ
dc.titleCo-driving: Passenger actions and distractionsen_NZ
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.aap.2020.105624en_NZ
dc.relation.isPartOfAccident Analysis and Preventionen_NZ
pubs.elements-id254463
pubs.publication-statusPublisheden_NZ
pubs.volume144en_NZ
dc.identifier.eissn1879-2057en_NZ
uow.identifier.article-noARTN 105624


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