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dc.contributor.authorWilson, Danielen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorDriller, Matthew W.en_NZ
dc.contributor.authorJohnston, Benen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorGill, Nicholas D.en_NZ
dc.coverage.spatialChinaen_NZ
dc.date.accessioned2021-03-30T21:17:32Z
dc.date.available2021-03-30T21:17:32Z
dc.date.issued2020en_NZ
dc.identifier.citationWilson, D., Driller, M. W., Johnston, B., & Gill, N. D. (2020). The effectiveness of a 17-week lifestyle intervention on health behaviors among airline pilots during COVID-19. Journal of Sport Health Science. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2020.11.007en
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10289/14212
dc.description.abstractPURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a 17-week, 3-component lifestyle intervention for enhancing health behaviors during the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. METHODS: A parallel-group (intervention and control) study was conducted amongst 79 airline pilots over a 17-week period during the COVID-19 pandemic. The intervention group (n = 38) received a personalized sleep, dietary, and physical activity (PA) program. The control group (n = 41) received no intervention. Outcome measures for sleep, fruit and vegetable intake, PA, and subjective health were measured though an online survey before and after the 17-week period. The changes in outcome measures were used to determine the efficacy of the intervention. RESULTS: Significant main effects for Time × Group were found for International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Walk (p = 0.02) and for all other outcome measures (p < 0.01). The intervention group significantly improved in sleep duration (p < 0.01; d = 1.02), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index score (p < 0.01; d = -1.01), moderate-to-vigorous PA (p < 0.01; d = 1.32), fruit and vegetable intake (p < 0.01; d = 3.11), Short-Form-12v2 physical score (p < 0.01; d = 1.84), and Short-Form-12v2 mental score (p < 0.01; d = 2.69). The control group showed significant negative change for sleep duration (p < 0.01; d = -0.47), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index score (p < 0.01; d = 0.28), and Short-Form-12v2 mental score (p < 0.01; d = -0.64). CONCLUSION: Results provide preliminary evidence that a 3-component healthy sleep, eating and PA intervention elicit improvements in health behaviors and perceived subjective health in pilots and may improve quality of life during an unprecedented global pandemic.en_NZ
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoenen_NZ
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.rights© 2020 Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of Shanghai University of Sport. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
dc.subjectCOVID-19en_NZ
dc.subjectHealthy eatingen_NZ
dc.subjectLifestyle healthen_NZ
dc.subjectModerate-to-vigorous physical activityen_NZ
dc.subjectSleepen_NZ
dc.titleThe effectiveness of a 17-week lifestyle intervention on health behaviors among airline pilots during COVID-19en_NZ
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jshs.2020.11.007en_NZ
dc.relation.isPartOfJournal of Sport Health Scienceen_NZ
pubs.elements-id258929
pubs.publication-statusPublished onlineen_NZ
dc.identifier.eissn2213-2961en_NZ


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