Permanent link to Research Commons versionhttps://hdl.handle.net/10289/15946
The present study investigates the influence of surface fibrillation of lyocell fibres on the adhesion and resulting properties of short fibre-reinforced polypropylene (PP) and polylactide (PLA) composites. Fibrillation was shown to reduce the tensile strength and elongation at break of the fibres, while not affecting Young's modulus. It was demonstrated that fibrillation improved adhesion significantly compared to non-fibrillated (untreated) fibres, and the critical fibre length determined by microbond tests was reduced. Despite the reduced tensile strength of the fibrillated lyocell fibres, the tensile strength of the composites was increased by a factor of 1.15 for PP and 1.62 for PLA compared to composites produced with untreated fibres. The Young's modulus of the composites was increased using fibrillated fibres by a factor of 1.41 for PP and 1.20 for PLA. The impact strength was also improved by using fibrillated fibres by a factor of 1.38 for PP-based and 1.23 for PLA-based composites. Surface fibrillation of lyocell offers interesting application possibilities, particularly for short fibre-reinforced materials, as the higher specific fibre surface reduces the critical fibre length of lyocell, leading to improved stress transfer from the matrix to the fibre. These fibres seem particularly promising to enhance the mechanical properties of short-fibre reinforced composites for 3D printing applications.
© 2023 The Authors. This is an open-access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license.