Multiple frequency range imaging to remove measurement ambiguity
Payne, A.D., Jongenelen, A.P.P., Dorrington, A.A., Cree, M.J. & Carnegie, D.A. (2009). Multiple frequency range imaging to remove measurement ambiguity. In Proceedings of at 9th Conference on Optical 3-D Measurement Techniques, July 1-3, 2009, Vienna, Austria(pp. 139-148). Vienna, Austria: Vienna University of Technology.
Permanent Research Commons link: https://hdl.handle.net/10289/4032
Range imaging systems use a specialised sensor to capture an image where object distance (range) is measured for every pixel using time-of-flight. The scene is illuminated with an amplitude modulated light source, and the phase of the modulation envelope of the reflected light is measured to determine flight time, hence object distance for each pixel. As the modulation waveform is cyclic, an ambiguity problem exists if the phase shift exceeds 2π radians. To overcome this problem we demonstrate a method that superposes two different modulation frequencies within a single capture. This technique reduces the associated overhead compared with performing two sequential measurements, allowing the system to retain high range measurement precision at rapid acquisition rates. A method is also provided to avoid interference from aliased harmonics during sampling, which otherwise contaminate the resulting range measurement. Experimental results show the potential of the multiple frequency approach; producing high measurement precision while avoiding ambiguity. The results also demonstrate the limitation of this technique, where large errors can be introduced through a combination of a low signal to noise ratio and suboptimal selection of system parameters.
This article has been published in Proceedings of at 9th Conference on Optical 3-D Measurement Techniques, July 1-3, 2009, Vienna, Austria.