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dc.contributor.authorNewnham, Rewi M.
dc.contributor.authorLowe, David J.
dc.contributor.authorMatthews, Brent W.
dc.date.accessioned2011-04-05T22:30:51Z
dc.date.available2011-04-05T22:30:51Z
dc.date.issued1998
dc.identifier.citationNewnham, R.M., Lowe, D.J. & Matthews, B.W. (1998). A late-Holocene and prehistoric record of environmental change from Lake Waikaremoana, New Zealand. The Holocene, 8(4), 443-454.en_NZ
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10289/5240
dc.description.abstractFurther evidence in support of a late pre-European (Polynesian) settlement of New Zealand is provided by an 1850-year-long tephropalynological record from a remote region in New Zealand's North Island. The earliest unequivocally anthropogenic forest clearance is estimated from sedimentation rates to have occurred c. 375 14C years BP (c. ad 1523–1631), although the radiocarbon chronology, shown by tephrochron ology to be erroneous due to hard-water effects, suggested this occurred c. 900 years earlier. Delineation of the anthropogenic era, and the distinction between human activity and other agents of environmental change in the pollen/spore diagram, are supported by cluster analysis and detrended correspondence analysis. Two distinct phases of forest clearance are evident during the pre-European era, reflecting local changes either in population pressure or settlement patterns. We note that the lull between the two phases of forest clearance coincides with the maximum of the ‘Little Ice Age’ within the period c. late ad 1600s to early 1800s.en_NZ
dc.language.isoen
dc.relation.urihttp://hol.sagepub.com/content/8/4/443.shorten_NZ
dc.subjectPalynologyen_NZ
dc.subjecttephrochronologyen_NZ
dc.subjecttephropalynologyen_NZ
dc.subjecthuman impacten_NZ
dc.subjectPolynesian deforestationen_NZ
dc.subjectradiocarbon datingen_NZ
dc.subjecthard-water erroren_NZ
dc.subjectbrackenen_NZ
dc.subjectpalaeoclimateen_NZ
dc.subjectLake Waikaremoanaen_NZ
dc.subjectNew Zealanden_NZ
dc.subjectlate Holoceneen_NZ
dc.titleA late-Holocene and prehistoric record of environmental change from Lake Waikaremoana, New Zealanden_NZ
dc.typeJournal Articleen_NZ
dc.identifier.doi10.1191/095968398672490834en_NZ
dc.relation.isPartOfHoloceneen_NZ
pubs.begin-page443en_NZ
pubs.elements-id39791
pubs.end-page454en_NZ
pubs.issue4en_NZ
pubs.volume8en_NZ


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