Debris dispersal modeling for the great Sumatra Tsunamis on Banda Aceh and surrounding waters
Prasetya, G., Black, K., de Lange, W.P., Borrero, J. & Healy, T. (2011). Debris dispersal modeling for the great Sumatra Tsunamis on Banda Aceh and surrounding waters. Natural Hazards, published online 26 July 2011.
Permanent Research Commons link: https://hdl.handle.net/10289/5868
The Great Sumatra Tsunami on 26 December 2004 generated large amounts of debris and waste throughout the affected coastal region in the Indian Ocean. In Banda Aceh—Indonesia, the tsunami flows were observed carrying a thick muddy sludge that mixed with all kinds of debris from the destroyed buildings, bridges and culverts, vehicles, fallen trees, and other flotsam. This waste and debris was mostly deposited inland, but traveled both onshore and offshore. Numerical dispersal modeling is carried out to simulate the transport of debris and waste produced by the tsunamis during the event. The model solves the Lagrangian form of the transport/dispersion equations using novel particle tracking techniques. Model results show that understanding the pathway and distribution of the suspended materials and flotsam caused by tsunamis is important for a proper hazards mitigation plan and waste management action, and to minimize serious long-term adverse environmental and natural resources consequences.