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dc.contributor.authorByers, James E.en_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSmith, Rachel S.en_NZ
dc.contributor.authorPringle, James M.en_NZ
dc.contributor.authorClark, Graeme F.en_NZ
dc.contributor.authorGribben, Paul E.en_NZ
dc.contributor.authorHewitt, Chad L.en_NZ
dc.contributor.authorInglis, Graeme J.en_NZ
dc.contributor.authorJohnston, Emma L.en_NZ
dc.contributor.authorRuiz, Gregory M.en_NZ
dc.contributor.authorStachowicz, John J.en_NZ
dc.contributor.authorBishop, Melanie J.en_NZ
dc.coverage.spatialEnglanden_NZ
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-23T21:10:59Z
dc.date.available2015en_NZ
dc.date.available2015-08-23T21:10:59Z
dc.date.issued2015en_NZ
dc.identifier.citationByers, J. E., Smith, R. S., Pringle, J. M., Clark, G. F., Gribben, P. E., Hewitt, C. L., … Bishop, M. J. (2015). Invasion Expansion: Time since introduction best predicts global ranges of marine invaders. Scientific Reports, 5. http://doi.org/10.1038/srep12436en
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10289/9554
dc.description.abstractStrategies for managing biological invasions are often based on the premise that characteristics of invading species and the invaded environment are key predictors of the invader's distribution. Yet, for either biological traits or environmental characteristics to explain distribution, adequate time must have elapsed for species to spread to all potential habitats. We compiled and analyzed a database of natural history and ecological traits of 138 coastal marine invertebrate species, the environmental conditions at sites to which they have been introduced, and their date of first introduction. We found that time since introduction explained the largest fraction (20%) of the variability in non-native range size, while traits of the species and environmental variables had significant, but minimal, influence on non-native range size. The positive relationship between time since introduction and range size indicates that non-native marine invertebrate species are not at equilibrium and are still spreading, posing a major challenge for management of coastal ecosystems.en_NZ
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoenen_NZ
dc.publisherNature Publishing Groupen_NZ
dc.rightsThis article is published under a Creative Commons CC-BY license.
dc.titleInvasion Expansion: Time since introduction best predicts global ranges of marine invaders.en_NZ
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/srep12436en_NZ
dc.relation.isPartOfScientific Reportsen_NZ
pubs.begin-page12436en_NZ
pubs.elements-id129303
pubs.end-page12436en_NZ
pubs.volume5en_NZ
dc.identifier.eissn2045-2322en_NZ
uow.identifier.article-no12436


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