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dc.contributor.authorWalmsley, Michael R.W.en_NZ
dc.contributor.authorWalmsley, Timothy Gordonen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMatthews, Lindaen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAtkins, Martin Johnen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorNeale, James R.en_NZ
dc.contributor.authorKamp, Peter J.J.en_NZ
dc.date.accessioned2015-10-01T02:33:45Z
dc.date.available2015-08-27en_NZ
dc.date.available2015-10-01T02:33:45Z
dc.date.issued2015-08-27en_NZ
dc.identifier.citationWalmsley, M. R. W., Walmsley, T. G., Matthews, L., Atkins, M. J., Neale, J. R., & Kamp, P. J. J. (2015). Pinch Analysis Techniques for Carbon Emissions Reduction in the New Zealand Industrial Process Heat Sector. Chemical Engineering Transactions, 45, 1087–1091. http://doi.org/10.3303/CET1545182en
dc.identifier.isbn978-88-95608-36-5en_NZ
dc.identifier.issn2283-9216en_NZ
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10289/9668
dc.description.abstractOptions for reducing industrial process heat greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in New Zealand are investigated using the Carbon Emissions Pinch Analysis (CEPA) and Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROI) analysis methods. Renewable sources like geothermal, biomass, biogas from animal waste and heat pumps from renewable electricity are investigated. Results indicate that some regions of New Zealand are well placed to make significant reductions to process heat GHG emissions through shifting from fossil fuel heating to renewable heating without a large increase in energy expended or cost. Reducing GHG emissions below 1990 levels can be achieved by using wood waste and biomass in place of coal (33.3 PJ) and biogas from animal waste in place of natural gas (12.1 PJ) where high temperature heating is required (>90 °C), and renewable electricity driven heat pumps for low temperature heating (<90 °C) in dairy and meat processing industries (7.0 PJ). The expected increase in expended energy is 20 %. Over all the Central North Island of New Zealand has a significant degree of renewable and natural resource convergence and hence is a prime region for creating low carbon emission industries requiring process heat based on renewable energy and agricultural and forestry waste.en_NZ
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen
dc.rightsCopyright © 2015, AIDIC Servizi S.r.l.. Used with permission.
dc.titlePinch Analysis Techniques for Carbon Emissions Reduction in the New Zealand Industrial Process Heat Sectoren_NZ
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.identifier.doi10.3303/CET1545182en_NZ
dc.relation.isPartOfChemical Engineering Transactionsen_NZ
pubs.begin-page1087
pubs.elements-id130285
pubs.end-page1091
pubs.publication-statusPublisheden_NZ
pubs.volume45en_NZ


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