Law Papers

This collection houses research from Te Piringa - Faculty of Law at the University of Waikato.

Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 5 of 335
  • Item
    Removing the human from trademark law
    (Journal Article, Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2024-04-22) Roy, Alpana; Marsoof, Althaf
    This paper envisions a future in which humans begin to entrust interconnected and intelligent devices and machines with the power to make purchasing decisions on their behalf. Artificial Intelligence (AI), together with the Internet of Things (IoT) and blockchain technology, will likely make this possible. What might be the role of trademarks and the law governing their protection in such a future? This paper responds to this question by considering how the use of AI, IoT, and blockchain technology in the retail space will impact the foundational concepts underpinning trademark law. The discussion highlights the difficulty of shifting trademark law away from its human-centric focus, where core doctrines and principles revolve around human interaction and perceptions, towards a system capable of adapting to a future where devices and machines interact with trademarks. Perhaps the time is ripe for legislative innovation in the field of trademarks.
  • Item
    Parkins v Parkins
    (Journal Article, LexisNexis NZ, 2022-06-01) Chevalier-Watts, Julie
    This case came about by appeal from the District Court, which dismissed the appellant’s claim. The appellant, Grant Parkins (Grant) declared 25% interest by way of institutional constructive trust over a property in the Marlborough Sounds (the property), which is opposed by his brothers, Steven Parkins (Steven) and Reece Parkins (Reece). Grant states that his interest arises because of his substantial contributions to the property after it was bought by his late father, Morris Parkins (Morris). The property was substantively developed after its purchase. The property had been left in equal shares to the three brothers by Morris in his will. Of note is that the terms of Morris’ will were not challenged in any way by any of the brothers. Whilst this case does not challenge the law of institutional constructive trusts, it provides a useful and instructive summary of the established law and thus adds to the institutional constructive trust narrative. Prior to considering the law, we will first provide an overview of the facts.
  • Item
    Submission to Environment Committee on Inquiry on the Natural and Built Environments Bill
    (Other, University of Waikato, 2021-08-04) Daya-Winterbottom, Trevor
    Making submissions on the NBA exposure draft is difficult in the abstract, and the right to make further submissions on the full text of the Bill (and related legislation) when introduced into Parliament is reserved. For the reasons given below, the NBA exposure draft does not (as currently drafted) achieve the objectives set out in the terms of reference for the Parliamentary inquiry. Some suggested amendments to the NBA exposure draft are made in this submission. While the terms of reference for the Parliamentary inquiry do not include the counterfactual of amending the Resource Management Act 1991 (RMA) to achieve the stated objectives, an informed and critical appraisal of this approach was covered by Simon Upton in his RMLA Salmon Lecture 2020.1
  • Item
    Indigenous voices
    (Conference Contribution, University of Waikato, 2022-07-11) Daya-Winterbottom, Trevor
    Indigenous people and their communities have a vital role in environmental management and development, and states should (in accordance with principle 22 of the Rio Declaration 1992) recognize and duly support their identity, culture and interests and enable their effective participation in the achievement of sustainable development. This paper will critically analyse the normative influence of tikanga Māori, non-doctrinal methods for discovering tikanga Māori, the special rules for interpretation of tikanga, and the wider application of customary values.
  • Item
    COVID and streamlining Resource Management
    (Conference Contribution, University of Waikato, 2020) Daya-Winterbottom, Trevor
    Simplifying and streamlining environmental and resource management law have been the buzz words of the past decade. My presentation focuses on the trajectory of these legislative developments in the context of New Zealand and the procedural impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.
All items in Research Commons are provided only to permit fair dealing for the purposes of research or private study. They are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.