Development of a Method for Trace Analysis of Dioctyl Sodium Sulfosuccinate by Liquid Chromatography Mass Spectrometry and its Application to Samples from the MV Rena Incident
Bernstein, D. R. (2015). Development of a Method for Trace Analysis of Dioctyl Sodium Sulfosuccinate by Liquid Chromatography Mass Spectrometry and its Application to Samples from the MV Rena Incident (Thesis, Master of Science (Research) (MSc(Research))). University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10289/10117
Permanent Research Commons link: https://hdl.handle.net/10289/10117
The grounding of the MV Rena off the coast of Tauranga, New Zealand in 2011 prompted the application of Corexit® oil spill dispersants in an attempt to mitigate the impact of the spilled oil to coastal ecosystems. A quantitative method was developed employing sonication assisted extraction from beach sand followed by sample clean up by solid phase extraction and analysis by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry for the analysis of Corexit® component dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate (DOSS) at trace levels. The chromatographic method included the use of a C8 stationary phase with a gradient elution and quantitation by an internal standard approach based on mass spectrometer instrument response. Validation studies gave recoveries of 72 ± 1.7% with an accuracy of 94%. Calibration curves were shown to have a linear range of 0 – 200 μg.L⁻¹. Application of the method to the available environmental samples showed no presence of DOSS. An attempt was made to apply the instrumental method to heavy fuel oil (HFO) tar-balls and oiled sand samples. Multiple extraction techniques were trialled including liquid-liquid extraction, sonication assisted extraction and anion exchange chromatography with recovery experiments for each method being carried out. Analysis of the extracts showed that quantitative recovery of DOSS had not been achieved for any of the methods investigated. The difficulties associated with extracting DOSS from HFO tar-balls and oil sands suggest that the application of DOSS to surface oil slicks results in the preferential partitioning of DOSS into HFO. This has implications with respect to the distribution of DOSS in the environment following application, subsequent environmental monitoring and the degradation of HFO components by microbial communities.
University of Waikato
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