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Kabir, M. E., & Serrao-Neumann, S. (2019). Climate change effects on people’s livelihood. In W. Leal Filho, A. M. Azul, L. Brandli, P. G. Özuyar, & T. Wall (Eds.), Climate Action (pp. 1–13). Springer, Cham: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-71063-1_7-1
Permanent Research Commons link: https://hdl.handle.net/10289/13883
Generally climate is defined as the long-term average weather conditions of a particular place, region, or the world. Key climate variables include surface conditions such as temperature, precipitation, and wind. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) broadly defined climate change as any change in the state of climate which persists for extended periods, usually for decades or longer (Allwood et al. 2014). Climate change may occur due to nature’s both internal and external processes. External process involves anthropogenic emission of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere, and volcanic eruptions. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) made a distinction between climate change attributable to human contribution to atmospheric composition and natural climate variability. In its Article 1, the UNFCCC defines climate change as “a change of climate which is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere and which is in addition to natural climate variability observed over comparable time periods” (United Nations 1992, p. 7).
This is a pre-print of an article published in Climate Action. The final authenticated version is available online at: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-71063-1_7-1