Prototypical gang recruits in New Zealand prisons
Lett, D. (2021). Prototypical gang recruits in New Zealand prisons (Thesis, Master of Social Sciences (MSocSc)). The University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10289/14328
Permanent Research Commons link: https://hdl.handle.net/10289/14328
Gangs have long been associated with antisocial behaviour and crime. To maintain themselves, gangs require a steady flow of new recruits. A better understanding of who is being recruited into gangs is the first step in preventing recruitment and lowering the impact of gangs on society. We asked what the prototypical gang recruit in New Zealand prisons is? To answer this, we needed to establish which factors are most likely to make someone more prototypical. Using these factors as our focus, we completed a series of difference of proportion analyses on archival data acquired through Te Ara Poutama. We found that the most prototypical factors for a gang recruit in New Zealand prisons were being a Māori, repeat offender, with a medium RoC*RoI, convicted of violent crimes, being held in a high security unit, and being between the ages of 20-39. These results suggest that prototypicality for gang recruits varies across settings.
The University of Waikato
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