Applications of ray tracing to a pseudophakic eye model
Turuwhenua, J. (2001). Applications of ray tracing to a pseudophakic eye model (Thesis, Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)). The University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10289/14420
Permanent Research Commons link: https://hdl.handle.net/10289/14420
The calculation of IOL power using keratometry is adversely affected by recent corneal reshaping surgeries. This thesis investigates the application of ray tracing and general anterior corneal surface modeling, for the purpose of improving ophthalmic measurements and in particular, the estimation of IOL power. A new algorithm (based on a multi-step approach) for the recovery of the corneal height using videokeratography is presented. The method ensures a cubic recovery with continuous curvature; skew rays are treated in post-processing. The RMS height error is measured for three simulated (with two skewed) cornea. The total errors are 6.2 x 10⁻⁴ mm ignoring the skew ray error, and 1.7 x 10⁻⁴ mm accounting for it. The individual height errors are submicron in the latter case. The algorithm gives average errors of 2.5 x 10⁻⁴ mm for a set of calibration balls. The completion time is 2.3 s over all cases, using a standard desktop PC. A new method for the recovery of the internal ocular radii of curvature is investigated. The method is used to recover the posterior corneal radii (PII) and the anterior lens radii (PIII) given several anterior cornea models (PI) in simulation. The recovered surface powers are no more than 0.1 D(PII) and 0.006 D(PIII) in error of the true surface powers. A framework is then presented for modeling the effect of lens decenter and tilt on perceived image quality. The SQRI image quality metric is determined for a range of lens tilt and lens decenter values. These are compared with the statistical moments of the spot diagrams. The SQRI shows asymmetric degradation (with tilt for a particular decenter value) of imaging for a plane displaced -0.1 mm from best focus. For a plane displaced +0.1 mm from best focus, the SQRI is symmetric and improves regardless of the sign of tilt. The statistical moments suggest that skew does not necessarily imply poor imaging. Finally, the modeling methods developed are tested on two clinically measured eyes. Minimizing the spot size, predicts the spectacle prescription to 0.0 D(OS) and 0.1 D(OD) of the mean spherical equivalent. Adding prescribed lenses to the model eye, estimates best focus to 0.03 mm and 0.02 mm of the retinal plane; consistent with better than 6/6 VA measured for OS/OD. A VisTech VCTS 6500 contrast sensitivity chart is used to verify the eye model. A 75% match with theory is found for OS, a 50% match is found for OD.
The University of Waikato
All items in Research Commons are provided for private study and research purposes and are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
- Higher Degree Theses