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dc.contributor.advisorWhaanga, Hēmi
dc.contributor.advisorWehi, Priscilla M.
dc.contributor.advisorNelson, Nicola
dc.contributor.authorWalker, Erana
dc.date.accessioned2021-12-19T23:05:31Z
dc.date.available2021-12-19T23:05:31Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10289/14700
dc.description.abstractIndigenous people’s connection to the natural world differs from place to place. In Aotearoa, New Zealand, Māori connection to nature is often articulated through the concept of kaitiakitanga whilst intertwining concepts of whakapapa, wairua, mana, mauri and place. Kaitiakitanga captures the relationships, narratives and practices that Māori utilise to protect kin of the natural environment as well as Māori communities in general. Over recent decades increase use of kaitiakitanga with respect to resource management has been linked to ideas of guardianship and stewardship, departing from important aspects such as place, whakapapa, intergenerational knowledge, spirituality and resource use. Calls to recognise the diverse ways kaitiakitanga has and can be expressed by Māori have echoed through academic literature, encouraging wider perspectives and application of the concept to develop. This has reinvigorated not only the need for natures protection but also the recognition of cultural knowledges and concepts in practicing kaitiakitanga. As with most indigenous people, Māori have experienced urbanisation that has spanned across generations of whānau and hapū. Urbanisation has the ability to challenge health outcomes, cultural practices and cultural knowledge, and more importantly, relationships to nature. Growing urbanisation and environmental degradation continue to challenge people and our relationships to nature. There is now a need to understand how urban spaces may also challenge the concepts that encourage connections to nature like kaitiakitanga. Moreover, there is a need to understand if such cultural concepts can become challenged when transient Māori reside in another tribal group’s boundaries. This research provides a deeper analysis of kaitiakitanga by understanding its application within the urban space of Kirikiriroa/Hamilton. From data gathered through a survey, focus groups and interviews, this research project illustrates the experiences of Māori in the urban space who know and practice kaitiakitanga in Kirikiriroa/Hamilton. More importantly, this study posits the integral role of place connection and mana in supporting and shaping kaitiakitanga practices in urban spaces. The data from participants shows a clear narrative of kaitiakitanga from both local and transient Māori exist and indicates that kaitiakitanga is practiced in accordance with their location and whakapapa to their area of residence. The study has found that kaitiakitanga practices have adapted to suit urban spaces allowing for both transient and local knowledges to exist within the urban space. The key findings of this research show many influences that impact kaitiakitanga practices like the recognition of childhood spaces and experiences, ideas of kinship, cultural knowledges, spirituality, mobility, nature as well as modernisation. Through exploring participants use and knowledge of kaitiakitanga, this research provides a new lens in which to view this concept and bring to the fore, the various experiences and ways that participants connect to place, people, culture and most importantly, nature.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen
dc.language.isomi
dc.publisherThe University of Waikato
dc.rightsAll items in Research Commons are provided for private study and research purposes and are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subjectKaitiakitanga
dc.subjectUrbanisation
dc.subjectIndigenous People
dc.subjectMāori
dc.subjectCultural practice
dc.subjectCultural knowledge
dc.subjectNature
dc.subjectNature connection
dc.subjectNature and Indigenous People
dc.subjectUrban nature
dc.subjectUrban experience
dc.subjectPlace-based knowledge
dc.subject.lcshNatural resources -- New Zealand -- Management
dc.subject.lcshMaori (New Zealand people) -- Social life and customs
dc.subject.lcshNew Zealand Resource Management Act 1991
dc.subject.lcshMaori (New Zealand people) -- Attitudes
dc.subject.lcshIndigenous peoples -- New Zealand -- Attitudes
dc.titleKei hea te tangi a te Tūī? An exploration of Kaitiakitanga in urban spaces
dc.typeThesis
thesis.degree.grantorThe University of Waikato
thesis.degree.levelDoctoral
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophy (PhD)
dc.date.updated2021-12-13T01:55:35Z
pubs.place-of-publicationHamilton, New Zealanden_NZ
dc.subject.maoriKaitiakitanga
dc.subject.maoriWhanake taiao
dc.subject.maoriWairua
dc.subject.maoriMana
dc.subject.maoriMauri
dc.subject.maoriWhakapapa
dc.subject.maoriMāoritanga
dc.subject.maoriTikanga
dc.subject.maoriIwi taketake
dc.subject.maoriTāngata whenua


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