|dc.contributor.author||Idris, Mohd Kamel||en_NZ
|dc.identifier.citation||Idris, M. K. (2009). Occupational Stress in Academic life: A Study of Academics of Malaysian Public Universities (Thesis). The University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10289/2597||en
|dc.description.abstract||Stress can lead to poor health and loss of productivity among employees across
occupations. Stress does not only affect individuals but also organizations by
causing work absence and staff turnover. Academics in Malaysian public
universities are no exception. Due to the rapid developments in tertiary
education, academics in Malaysian public universities are believed to be
experiencing increased job demands that potentially lead to increased stress.
This study was carried out to examine: i) the direct effect of role stressors (i.e.
role overload, role ambiguity and role conflict) on strain; ii) the direct effect of strain
on the outcomes of strain (i.e. cynicism, professional efficacy, and organizational
commitment); iii) the moderation effects of organizational support, peer support, and
self-efficacy on the relationships between role stressors and strain; iv) the mediation
effect of strain on the relationship between role stressors and strain; and v) the
mediation effect of outcomes of strain (i.e. cynicism, professional efficacy, and
organizational commitment) on the relationship between strain and intention to leave
among those academics.
This study used a non-experimental two-wave panel design. Eleven of the 12
study variables were measured using pre-existing scales except for self-efficacy,
which was measured by items specially developed for this study. A longitudinal
survey with a six-month time interval yielded 357 respondents (academics) at time 1
and 210 respondents at time 2. Data were analyzed using multiple regression,
hierarchical regression, and structural equation modeling (SEM) to test for direct
effects, moderation effects and mediation effects respectively.
The findings of this study indicate that academics who experienced increased
levels of role stressors were more likely to have increased levels of strain.
Subsequently, the strained academics were more likely to show higher levels of
cynicism and lower levels of professional efficacy and organizational commitment.
The predicted moderators (i.e organizational support, peer support, and self-efficacy)
had no significant influence on the relationships between role stressors and strain.
Mediation analyses consisted of two parts. In the first part, I found that strain
strongly mediated the relationship between role ambiguity and outcomes of strain
(i.e. cynicism, professional efficacy, and organizational commitment). In the
subsequent mediation analysis, I found that cynicism and organizational commitment
fully mediated the relationship between strain and intention to leave, but not
|dc.publisher||The University of Waikato||en_NZ
|dc.rights||All items in Research Commons are provided for private study and research purposes and are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.||
|dc.title||Occupational Stress in Academic life: A Study of Academics of Malaysian Public Universities||en_NZ
|thesis.degree.discipline||Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences||en_NZ
|thesis.degree.grantor||University of Waikato||en_NZ
|thesis.degree.name||Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)||
|pubs.place-of-publication||Hamilton, New Zealand||en_NZ