Examining the link between information processing speed and executive functioning in multiple sclerosis
Drew, M.A., Starkey, N.J. & Isler, R.B. (2009). Examining the link between information processing speed and executive functioning in multiple sclerosis. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 24(1), 47-58.
Permanent Research Commons link: https://hdl.handle.net/10289/2816
Slowed information processing speed (IPS) is frequently reported in those with multiple sclerosis (MS), and at least 20% are compromised on some aspect of executive functioning also. However, any relationship between these two processes has not been examined. The Sternberg Memory Scanning Test, Processing Speed Index (WAIS-III), Delis Kaplan Executive Function System (D.KEFS), and Working Memory Index (WMS-III) were administered to 90 participants with MS. Their performance on the PSI was significantly below the normative scores but no deficits in memory scanning speed were evident. The initial response speed of the Sternberg and the PSI were more closely related to D.KEFS performance, particularly in timed tasks with a high cognitive demand (switching tasks). In contrast, memory scanning speed was related to working memory. This study reinforces the link between IPS and working memory in MS, and supports the suggestion that IPS is not a unitary construct.
Oxford University Press
This is an author’s accepted version of an article published in the journal: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology. © 2009 the authors. Published by Oxford University Press on Behalf of the National Academy of Neuropsychology.